Suicide prevention for college students is an ever growing issue in the Nation and across Tennessee. The Tennessee Suicide Prevention Network (TSPN) and appointed members of the Tennessee Higher Education Suicide Prevention Task Force, have come together to compile the below information. You will immediately note The Facts surrounding this at risk group. Below recommended resources you will also find the Resources for Higher Education Leadership which provides sample documents to be used to address suicide prevention/intervention/postvention for Tennessee’s Higher Education Institutions.
College students are in a state of life transition and can be overwhelmed with new opportunities and new responsibilities. Lifestyle changes, such as sleep deprivation and substance abuse, can contribute to suicidal behavior.
- Suicide is the second leading cause of death for college students
- Approximately 1,100 college students die by suicide every year
- 6% of college students report they have seriously considered suicide over the past year; 90%of those students created a suicide plan, 14% actually attempted suicide, and 60% continued to have thoughts of suicide.
There are some behaviors that signal possible suicidal thoughts and attempts. Knowing these signals and taking action may help you save someone’s life. A person might be suicidal if they:
- Have sadness or depression that will not go away
- Become withdrawn or isolate themselves from friends, family, and society
- Have difficulty going to classes
- Become highly anxious or agitated
- Display rage or uncontrolled anger
- Give away prized possessions
- Increase their use of alcohol and drugs
- Acquire a firearm
- Lose weight or have a decrease in appetite
- Change their sleeping patterns, cannot sleep, or sleep all the time
- Engage in reckless and risk-taking behavior
- State they have no reason to live
- Talk about or threaten suicide. (If this happens, TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION).
Remember: Any one of these signals alone doesn’t necessarily indicate a person is suicidal. However, several signals may be cause for concern. Signals are especially important if the person has attempted suicide in the past. Listen. Be a friend. Get professional help. Your actions may save a life!
A variety of factors contribute to suicidal thoughts and behaviors in college students.
DEPRESSION contributes to suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts. Over a third of college students reported being so depressed they found it difficult to function. **
HOPELESSNESS – 45% of college students had felt their situation was hopeless**
LONELINESS 55% of college students had felt very lonely. **
ACADEMIC STRESSORS can be a contributing factor to suicide. College students who have attempted suicide cite academic stress as one of the reasons for their suicide attempts. Almost half who consider suicide cite academic problems as a contributing factor.*
FINANCIAL CONCERNS are cited as a contributing factor by 78% of students who attempt suicide and in 31% of students who seriously consider suicide. *
Other factors such as relationship problems and issues with PARENTS can contribute to suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
Certain populations of college students such as LGBTQI students, veterans, minority students, students who do not live on campus, and students who have known someone who died by suicide are at a higher risk for suicide and suicide attempts.
What to Do:
- ASK the question, “Do you feel like going to sleep and never waking up?”, or find someone who can. Take the risk factors and signals seriously.
- LISTEN to them without judgment. Show interest in the person and be supportive of him or
- Offer hope that there are alternatives to
- Take Remove methods the person might use to kill him or herself. Do not leave the person alone.
- GET HELP from his or her family, friend, physician, clergy,
- IMMEDIATELY contact a person or organization that specializes in crisis intervention or suicide prevention for help.
Resources for Higher Education Leadership
The Tennessee Higher Education Suicide Prevention Task Force was an appointed task force created and approved by the Tennessee Suicide Prevention Network (TSPN) Advisory Council on June 8, 2017, which served to unite colleges/universities throughout Tennessee towards the goal of suicide prevention. The task force met to create and carry out action items to best help the at-risk population of college students. Colleges and universities pose a unique problem for suicide prevention/intervention/postvention efforts. To read more about the problem, and emphasis for this task force, please review this document: Tennessee Higher Education Suicide Prevention White Paper
TSPN is grateful for the time, effort, and enthusiasm of this Task Force, led by co-chairs Sandra Perley, Ed.D, MSN, RN and Scott Ridgway, MS, Executive Director of TSPN.
It is our hope that this tool kit provides helpful suicide prevention outreach and curriculum infusion strategies that can meet the unique needs of campuses regardless of size or available resources. These strategies are simply recommendations for building a sustainable program. It is understood that not all efforts will work for every college or university. Please use this tool kit as a guide for your campus and university’s efforts. Whether your efforts are grassroots or fully developed, this guide can serve to strengthen your suicide prevention strategic plan.
This document was created as a tool to aid in the development of protocols specific to your institution. In the development of your institution-specific protocols, determine which stakeholders are most pertinent to your campus; the most effectively developed protocol will result from a campus-wide approach with input from an array of campus offices. Consider developing a team to assist in this process and include members from counseling, residence life, academic affairs, students, behavior intervention team, campus police, etc. TSPN staff and members of the Higher Education Task Force are available to assist as you create campus protocols.
It is recommended that institutions have protocols that address identifying suicidal students, responding to suicidal students, and notifying family and appropriate campus personnel. Protocols need to address the personnel responsible for responding to suicidal students and how to refer these students to safety and care. Additionally, institutions may include post suicide protocols to support students when a member of the college community has died by suicide. Student suspension or withdrawal secondary to suicidal warning signs may also be addressed.
Tennessee Higher Education Suicide Prevention Task Force
This task force, an appointed task force created and approved by the TSPN Advisory Council on June 8, 2017, will hereto serve to unite colleges/universities throughout Tennessee towards the goal of suicide prevention. The task force will meet to create and carry out action items to best help the at-risk population of college students. Colleges and universities pose a unique problem for suicide prevention/intervention/postvention efforts. By employing the expertise of those listed to below, to be invited to this initial task force, it is the hope that this effort will expand to other colleges and universities throughout the state, creating suicide safer campuses throughout Tennessee.
22 Appointed Member of the Task Force:
Chair: Sandra Perley, Ed.D, MSN, RN, Columbia State Community College, Professor of Nursing
Co-chair: Scott Ridgway, MS, TSPN Executive Director
- Argosy University: Byron Pickens, Ph.D., Professor
- Austin Peay State University: Leslie Reed, PhD, MSN, RN, Associate Professor of Nursing
- Baptist College of Health: Caryn Schmitz, MA, NCC, LPC-MHSP, Professional College Counselor
- Belmont University: Katy Wilson, APRN, MSN, MBA, Assistant Dean of Students
- Carson-Newman University: Jennifer Catlett, LCSW, Director of Counseling Services
- Lindsey Wilson: Janet Turner, PhD, LPC-MHSP, NCC, ACS, Associate Professor
- Lipscomb University: Andrea Mills, Med, LPC-MHSP, Assistant Director of University Counseling Center
- Middle Tennessee State University: Mary Kaye G. Anderson, Psy.D.-HSP, Director of Counseling and Testing Services
- Motlow State Community College: Cheryl Hyland, Ed.D., Vice President of Student Affairs
- Northeast State Community College: Denise Walker, MS, LPC, Director of Counseling Services
- Pellissippi State Community College: Travis Loveday, MA, Dean of Students
- TN Tech University: Christina Mick, EdD, Director of Counseling Services
- University of Memphis: Susan Elswick, EdD, BA Program Director Department of Social Work
- UT Chattanooga: Tricia Henderson, LPC-MHSP, Assistant Director Alcohol, Other Drug, & Mental Health Education
- UT Knoxville: Kelly Rubin, LPC, MAC, Associate Dean of Students
- UT Martin: John’Na Webster, MSW, Health and Wellness Educator
- Representative from the Tennessee Higher Education Commission: Lou Hanemann, Assistant Executive Director for External Initiatives
- Tennessee Board of Regents: Kristina Waymire, Director of Student Initiatives
TSPN Staff: Joanne Perley, MPH, Director of Statewide Initiatives and Development
Minutes from the Task Force: